World War I

The industrial facilities listed below are all known to have used tokens, checks and passes during the Great War as part of their operational practices. To view details and tokens emanating from  this category of issues select from the sub-section links below.

1) Royal Ordnance Factories (R.O.F.)
  1.  Royal Ordnance Factory – Woolwich Arsenal – Woolwich,  Kent
    1. Royal Laboratory
    2. Quick-Firing Cartridge Factory No.4
    3. Royal Carriage Factory
  2. Royal Small Arms Factory –  Enfield – Enfield, Middlesex
  3. Royal Gun Powder Factory – Waltham Abbey – Waltham, Essex
2) His Majesty’s Explosives Factories (H.M.E.F.)
  1. His Majesty’s Explosive Factory – Gretna – Gretna, Dumfriesshire
  2. His Majesty’s Explosive Factory – Ellesmere Port – Ellesmere Port, Cheshire
  3. His Majesty’s Explosive Factory – Langwith – Langwith, Derbyshire
  4. His Majesty’s Explosive Factory – Pembrey – Pembrey-Burry Port, Camarthenshire
  5. His Majesty’s Explosive Factory – Irvine – Irvine, Ayrshire
3) National Shell Factories (N.S.F.)
  1. National Shell Factory – Liverpool – North Haymarket, Merseyside
  2. National Shell Factory – Nottingham – Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
  3. National Shell Factory – Dundee – Dundee, Angus
  4. National Shell Factory – Newport – Newport, Pembrokeshire
  5. National Shell Factory – Leeds – Leeds, Yorkshire (Note 1)
  6. National Shell Factory – Barnsley – Barnsley, Yorkshire (Note 2)
  7. National Shell Factory – Newport – Maesglas, Gwent

Notes:

  1.  There were three separate N.S.F.s in Leeds. These were located in Newlay, Armley Road and Goodman Street in Hunslet.
  2. There were two separate N.S.F.s in Barnsley. These were located in the Dominion Works (Johnson Street) and the Hope Works (Sackville Street).
4) National Projectile Factories (N.P.F.)
  1. National Projectile Factory – Birtley – Birtley, County Durham
  2. National Projectile Factory – Lancaster – Lancaster, Lancashire
  3. National Projectile Factory – Nottingham – Nottingham, Nottinghamshire (Note 1)
  4. National Projectile Factory – Hackney Marches – London, Middlesex
  5. National Projectile Factory – Glasgow – Mile End, Glasgow, Lanarkshire

Notes:

  1. In October 1917 the N.P.F., Nottingham became the National Ordnance Factory (N.O.F.), Nottingham.
5) National  Filling Factories (N.F.F.)
  1. National Filling Factory No.1 – Barnbow – Leeds, Yorkshire
  2. National Filling Factory No.2 – Liverpool  – Liverpool, Merseyside
  3. National Filling Factory No.4 – Georgetown – Houston, Renfrewshire
  4. National Filling Factory No.6 – Chilwell – Chilwell, Nottinghamshire
  5. National Filling Factory No.13 – Morcambe – Morcambe, Lancashire
  6. National Filling Factory No.18 – Pembrey – Pembery-Port, Carmathenshire
6) National Salvage Depots (N.S.D.)
  1. National Salvage Depot – Blyth – Blyth, Northumberland
7) National Aircraft Factories (N.A.F.)
  1. National Aircraft Factory No. 1  – Croydon – Waddon, Surrey
  2. National Aircraft Factory No. 2 – Stockport – Heaton Chapel, Cheshire (Note 1)
  3. National Aircraft Factory No. 3 – Aintree – Liverpool, Merseyside

Notes:

  1. A factory at Ham near Kingston upon Thames in Surrey, leased and operated by Sopwith Aviation, was confusingly also referred to as National Aircraft Factory No. 2.
8) National Shipyards (N.S.)
  1. National Shipyard No.1 – Chepstow – Chepstow, Monmouthshire
  2. National Shipyard No.2 – Beachley – Beachley, Gloucestershire
9) Royal Army Clothing Factory
  1. Royal Army Clothing Factory – Pimlico, London
10) Private & Public Armaments, Explosives, Aircraft, Ship Building & Contract Engineering Companies
  1. Armstrong Whitworth
  2. Cammell Laird & Company Limited
  3. Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited
  4. Kynoch Limited
    1. Lion Works, Witton, Birmingham, Warwickshire
    2. Thames Explosive Works, Kynochtown, Essex
    3. Kynoch Explosive Works, Arklow, Ireland
  5. R.A. Lister & Company, Dursley, Wiltshire
  6. Sir John Jackson Limited, Salisbury, Wiltshire
  7. Vickers Group of Companies (various factory locations)
    1. Barrow, Cumberland
    2. Erith, Kent
    3. Sheffield, Yorkshire
    4. Brookland, Surrey
    5. Elswick, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Northumberland
    6. Whitehead Torpedo Works, Weymouth, Dorset
11) Tokens of Unknown Origin of Location
  1. Small Arms Ammunition Factory Canteen Permission token
  2. H.E. Mess tokens
  3. Amatol Canteen tokens
  4. F.I. Canteen tokens